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Now-a-days, two major gastric bypass surgeries are performed, although there are more than two methods. But the most common types are roux-en-y method and extensive gastric bypass surgery. There are some marked differences between these two surgical approaches. Read on to know more.
Gastric bypass surgery is a kind of surgery that helps in checking and treating morbid obesity. These days obesity or excessive fat accumulation in the body is increasing at an alarming rate everywhere around the world. This is mainly because of the typical sedentary lifestyle of the people. The risks of obesity is huge and is the cause of several disease related to heart, joints and other essential organs .Thus, in no way we can take this fact nonchalantly. People should be educated about this disease and should be given treatment according to their conditions. It is in this area that gastric bypass surgery Los Angeles is working tirelessly. The people whose body mass index (BMI) is more than 40 is at the highest risk and such people are advised to seek surgical methods. Normal person\’s body mass index should be between 19 to 24.5. So this explains the difference of BMI between normal person and a person with morbid obesity which is huge.
Now, once a person is categorized in the risk category, he will have to undergo immediate gastric bypass surgery to get rid of the excessive fat. There are other categories of patients who can also be prescribed with this surgery such as patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea etc. Here stomach is divided into upper pouch which is smaller and larger lower pouch and small intestine is then rearranged to connect both the upper and the lower pouch. There are lots of other ways to connect small intestine and hence named differently. The end result of it is the drastic reduction in the volume of stomach coupled with change in response towards food.
Now-a-days, two major gastric bypass surgeries are performed, although there are more than two methods. But the most common types are roux-en-y method and extensive gastric bypass surgery. There are some marked differences between these two surgical approaches. In case of roux-en-y method first a part minute pouch of stomach is created by stapling parts of stomach together. After that small intestine\’s y shaped section is attached to the above pouch. This helps the food to bypass duodenum and first part of jejunum. Due to this arrangement there will be a reduced calorie as well as nutrient absorption. Now-a-days this surgery is done through a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a thin telescopic instrument which is used to view inside the abdomen and through which incisions are made.
The next method called extensive bypass surgery is more complex as the name suggests. In this method, the entire lower stomach region is removed. The upper pouch of stomach is directly connected to the last part of small intestine. This method also helps in reducing weight loss but it is less popular method of treatment. Because of this surgery the stomach size is reduced to almost 90%.This allows only necessary food intake or reduced food intake.
According to the surveys conducted, the mortality rate due to this surgery is very low. Although in certain cases complications were found but these were minor.
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